8. Muammar Gaddafi: $ 200 billion (189 billion euros)
Gaddafi has led Libya for nearly 42 years. Death in 2011, he was one of the richest men in the world. His fortune, from the extraction of oil and gas, was estimated at 144 billion euros, 200 billion US dollars at the time, he would come out of Libya during the thirty years before his fall. According to the financial net worth Celebrity blog, it would be the eighth richest man of all time.
The US administration has discovered that the Libyan regime had almost 27 billion euros in accounts and investments in the United States; they have since been frozen. In Europe, nearly 22 billion euros have been seized by the French, Italian, British and German. Gaddafi invested in companies such as Total, Alstom, Fiat, in the areas of media (Financial Times) or sport (7.5% Juventus). In France, he had, for example, the Parisian building that houses Fnac des Ternes in the 17th arrondissement of Paris.
Several investigations by US, European and Libyan officials have revealed that Gaddafi invested heavily in many countries of the Middle East and Southeast Asia. Most of the funds invested in the Libyan government institutions such as the Central Bank of Libya, the Libyan Oil Company, the outdoor Bank of Libya and of investment companies such as Libya African Investment Portfolio. In June 2013, The Sunday Times reports that Gaddafi had hidden one billion US dollars in cash, gold and diamonds in four banks and two security companies in South Africa.
Gaddafi had an A340 Airbus, he had purchased the Saudi prince Al-Waleed bin Talal for 120 million US dollars in 2003.
The plane was decorated with the colors of the company based in Tripoli, Afriqiyah Airways. It is used in 2009 to repatriate the terrorist Ali al-Megrahi from prison in Scotland. The plane was captured in August 2011 during the Libyan civil war. The journalist John Simpson BBC reports that the aircraft is equipped luxuriously, including a jacuzzi.
From February 2011, the power of Gaddafi, in place for over 41 years, is threatened by a popular protest, the crackdown quickly turns into armed insurrection and civil war. When taking of Tripoli by the rebels in August 2011, Gaddafi fled the capital. October 20, he was captured, lynched and killed in the vicinity of Sirte.