10. Cornelius Vanderbilt: $ 185 billion (€ 175 billion)
Born May 27, 1794 and died January 4, 1877 in New York, he built his fortune in shipbuilding and railways, which earned him the nickname Commodore. At his death, his fortune is equivalent to 1.15% of US GDP! It is to him that New York is the huge Grand Central Station. anecdote aside, Cornelius would be one of the actors of the invention of chips!